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Publication : Gene expression analysis of the late embryonic mouse cerebral cortex using DNA microarray: identification of several region- and layer-specific genes.

First Author  Funatsu N Year  2004
Journal  Cereb Cortex Volume  14
Issue  9 Pages  1031-44
PubMed ID  15142957 Mgi Jnum  J:174497
Mgi Id  MGI:5086098 Citation  Funatsu N, et al. (2004) Gene expression analysis of the late embryonic mouse cerebral cortex using DNA microarray: identification of several region- and layer-specific genes. Cereb Cortex 14(9):1031-44
abstractText  The mammalian neocortex develops layer organizations with regional differences represented by expression of multiple genes at embryonic stages. These genes could play important roles in the formation of areal cyto-architecture, yet, the number of genes identified so far is not sufficient to explain such intricate processes. Here we collected five regions--the medial, dorsal, lateral, rostral and occipital--from the dissected E16.5 mouse cerebral cortex and performed extensive gene expression analysis using the Affymetrix U74Av2 array with probes for 12,500 genes. After relative quantitative analysis, 34, 33 and 15 genes were selected as highly expressed genes in the medial, dorsal and lateral regions, respectively. The combination of GeneChip system, real-time quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction and in situ hybridization analyses allowed the successful identification of seven genes from the dorsal region (Neuropeptide Y, Wnt7b, TGF-beta RI, Nrf3, Bcl-6, MT4-MMP and Rptp kappa), three genes from the medial region (Hop-pending, HtrA and Crystallin), and three genes from the lateral region (Somatostatin, Ngef and Fxyd7). Particularly, all seven genes identified in the dorsal region demarcated the future somatosensory and auditory areas in the cortical plate with high rostrolateral-low caudomedial gradation. Their expression patterns were not uniform, but delineated either the superficial or the deep layer in the cortical plate. Furthermore, the regional expression pattern of Neuropeptide Y was shifted rostrally and the layer specificity was disorganized in the Pax6-deficient mice. Our results provide new information about a subclass of regionally expressed genes in the cortical plate at the late embryonic stage, which may help understand the molecular mechanisms of neocortical arealization.
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