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Publication : Acute-phase response and circadian expression of connexin26 are not altered in connexin32-deficient mouse liver.

First Author  Temme A Year  2000
Journal  Cell Tissue Res Volume  300
Issue  1 Pages  111-7
PubMed ID  10805080 Mgi Jnum  J:62440
Mgi Id  MGI:1858879 Citation  Temme A, et al. (2000) Acute-phase response and circadian expression of connexin26 are not altered in connexin32-deficient mouse liver. Cell Tissue Res 300(1):111-7
abstractText  In mouse hepatocytes, the gap junctional proteins connexin32 (Cx32) and connexin26 (Cx26) are expressed in the same gap junctional plaque. Expression of the major Cx32 protein is downregulated during liver regeneration and cholestasis. Here we have analyzed the acute-phase response (after experimental inflammation) and circadian connexin expression in Cx32-deficient and wild-type mouse liver. Acute-phase response was triggered by intraperitoneal injection of lipopolysaccharide (LPS). Injection of recombinant mouse interleukin-1beta (mIL-1beta), mIL-6 or tumor necrosis factor alpha (mTNF-alpha) had no inflammatory effect. Northern blot analysis of positive and negative acute-phase transcripts following stimulation with cytokine or LPS revealed no difference between Cx32-deficient livers and wild-type controls, suggesting that loss of the Cx32 gene had no effect on experimental liver inflammation. Actin, beta-fibrinogen and Cx26 transcripts were increased after endotoxin stimulation. Under conditions of hepatic acute-phase response, Cx32 transcripts were not detected in LPS-treated livers of wild-type mice. Immunoblot analysis of proteins from inflamed wild-type livers indicated a strongly diminished amount of Cx32 protein, whereas the level of Cx26 protein was increased. Although intraperitoneal injection of mIL-1, mIL-6 as well as mTNF-alpha did not induce an acute-phase response, Cx32 protein expression was diminished, suggesting that post-transcriptional downregulation of Cx32 preceded the acute-phase response. Northern blot hybridization of RNA from wild-type and Cx32-deficient mouse liver revealed a similar circadian regulation of Cx26 and GAPDH transcripts with maximal expression around 2 p.m. and a minimum after midnight.
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