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Publication : Arrestin mRNA expression, biosynthesis, and localization in degenerating photoreceptors of mutant rds mice retinas.

First Author  Nir I Year  1991
Journal  J Comp Neurol Volume  308
Issue  1 Pages  1-10
PubMed ID  1874976 Mgi Jnum  J:25583
Mgi Id  MGI:73298 Doi  10.1002/cne.903080102
Citation  Nir I, et al. (1991) Arrestin mRNA expression, biosynthesis, and localization in degenerating photoreceptors of mutant rds mice retinas. J Comp Neurol 308(1):1-10
abstractText  The retinal photoreceptors of the mutant rds mouse are unable to form normal outer segments. Eventually the abnormal cells die in the months following birth. The genetic defect in the rds mouse was recently localized to the peripherin gene that encodes a protein in the outer segment disc margin. Although this mutation may explain the morphogenetic defect, i.e., the failure to form outer segments, the reason for subsequent cell death is not clear. Previously, we demonstrated that the capability to synthesize opsin, an outer segment integral membrane protein, is not compromised by the morphogenetic defect although the opsin steady-state content is considerably reduced, since it is not incorporated into an organized outer segment. We have now studied arrestin, a cytoplasmic protein that is part of the phototransduction cascade and appears to shuttle between the inner and outer segment during the light/dark cycle. Since rds mice lack outer segments, it was of interest to determine the effects of the photoreceptor abnormality on arrestin gene expression. Arrestin mRNA levels and protein synthetic rates were high in young rds retinas. When corrected for cell loss, the steady-state arrestin content per cell in the rds retina was comparable to normal. However, in the absence of an outer segment, the total amount of arrestin is concentrated in the remaining inner segment. Consequently, a relatively high level of arrestin is present in the rds inner segment throughout the light/dark cycle. We suggest that the morphogenetic defect indirectly precipitates secondary effects such as the persistent presence of high levels of arrestin or other soluble proteins in the abnormal photoreceptor inner segment, nucleus, and synaptic terminal. This condition, if toxic to the cells, may compromise photoreceptor viability in the rds retina.
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