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Publication : Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-related mutant superoxide dismutase 1 aggregates inhibit 14-3-3-mediated cell survival by sequestration into the JUNQ compartment.

First Author  Park JH Year  2017
Journal  Hum Mol Genet Volume  26
Issue  18 Pages  3615-3629
PubMed ID  28666328 Mgi Jnum  J:244657
Mgi Id  MGI:5913436 Doi  10.1093/hmg/ddx250
Citation  Park JH, et al. (2017) Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis-related mutant superoxide dismutase 1 aggregates inhibit 14-3-3-mediated cell survival by sequestration into the JUNQ compartment. Hum Mol Genet 26(18):3615-3629
abstractText  Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by motor neuron loss in the spinal cord and brain. Mutations in the superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) gene have been linked to familial ALS. To elucidate the role of SOD1 mutations in ALS, we investigated 14-3-3, a crucial regulator of cell death that was identified in patients with familial ALS. In a transgenic mouse model (SOD1-G93A) of ALS, 14-3-3 co-localized with mutant SOD1 aggregates and was more insoluble in the spinal cords of mutant SOD1 transgenic mice than in those of wild-type mice. Immunofluorescence and co-immunoprecipitation experiments showed that the 14-3-3varepsilon and theta isoforms interact with mutant SOD1 aggregates in the juxtanuclear quality control compartment of N2a neuroblastoma cells. Fluorescence loss in photobleaching experiments revealed that movement of the isoforms of 14-3-3 was markedly reduced in SOD1 aggregates. Bax translocation into and cytochrome c release from the mitochondria were promoted by the sequestration of 14-3-3 into mutant SOD1 aggregates, increasing cell death. Mutant SOD1 aggregates were dissolved by the Hsp104 chaperone, which increased the interaction of 14-3-3 with Bax, reducing cell death. Our study demonstrates that mutant SOD1 inhibits 14-3-3-mediated cell survival. This information may contribute to the identification of a novel therapeutic target for ALS.
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