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Publication : The LINC complex is essential for hearing.

First Author  Horn HF Year  2013
Journal  J Clin Invest Volume  123
Issue  2 Pages  740-50
PubMed ID  23348741 Mgi Jnum  J:194486
Mgi Id  MGI:5473930 Doi  10.1172/JCI66911
Citation  Horn HF, et al. (2013) The LINC complex is essential for hearing. J Clin Invest 123(2):740-50
abstractText  Hereditary hearing loss is the most common sensory deficit. We determined that progressive high-frequency hearing loss in 2 families of Iraqi Jewish ancestry was due to homozygosity for the protein truncating mutation SYNE4 c.228delAT. SYNE4, a gene not previously associated with hearing loss, encodes nesprin-4 (NESP4), an outer nuclear membrane (ONM) protein expressed in the hair cells of the inner ear. The truncated NESP4 encoded by the families' mutation did not localize to the ONM. NESP4 and SUN domain-containing protein 1 (SUN1), which localizes to the inner nuclear membrane (INM), are part of the linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton (LINC) complex in the nuclear envelope. Mice lacking either Nesp4 or Sun1 were evaluated for hair cell defects and hearing loss. In both Nesp4-/- and Sun1-/- mice, OHCs formed normally, but degenerated as hearing matured, leading to progressive hearing loss. The nuclei of OHCs from mutant mice failed to maintain their basal localization, potentially affecting cell motility and hence the response to sound. These results demonstrate that the LINC complex is essential for viability and normal morphology of OHCs and suggest that the position of the nucleus in sensory epithelial cells is critical for maintenance of normal hearing.
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