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Publication : Novel CaV2.1 clone replicates many properties of Purkinje cell CaV2.1 current.

First Author  Richards KS Year  2007
Journal  Eur J Neurosci Volume  26
Issue  10 Pages  2950-61
PubMed ID  18001290 Mgi Jnum  J:130133
Mgi Id  MGI:3771093 Citation  Richards KS, et al. (2007) Novel CaV2.1 clone replicates many properties of Purkinje cell CaV2.1 current. Eur J Neurosci 26(10):2950-61
abstractText  The P-type calcium current is mediated by a voltage-sensing CaV2.1 alpha subunit in combination with modulatory auxiliary subunits. In Purkinje neurones, this current has distinctively slow inactivation kinetics that may depend on alternative splicing of the alpha subunit and/or association with different CaVbeta subunits. To better understand the molecular components of P-type calcium current, we cloned a CaV2.1 cDNA from total mouse brain. The full-length CaV2.1 isoform that we isolated (GenBank AY714490) contains sequences recently shown to be present in Purkinje neurones. In agreement with previously published work, the alternatively spliced amino acid V421, implicated in slow inactivation, was not encoded in AY714490 and was absent from reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction products generated from single Purkinje cells. Next, we studied the expression of the four known mouse auxiliary CaVbeta2 isoforms in Purkinje neurones. Confirmation of the presence of CaVbeta2a in Purkinje cells, previously shown by others to slow CaV2.1 kinetics, led us to characterize its influence on current dynamics. We studied currents generated by the clone AY714490 coexpressed in tsA201 cells with four different CaVbeta subunits. In addition to the well-documented slowing of open-state inactivation kinetics, coexpression with the CaVbeta2a subunit also protected CaV2.1 channels from closed-state inactivation and prevented the channel from inactivating during physiological trains of action potential-like stimuli. This strong resistance to inactivation parallels the property of Purkinje neurone P-type currents and is suggestive of a role for CaVbeta2a in modulating the inactivation properties of P-type calcium currents in Purkinje neurones.
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